Top Ransomware Tips You Should Definitely Know About It


Cyber security attacks are threats that result in severe causes. Ransomware is one of the forms of malware, and it works by encrypting files. After the encryption, attackers demand a ransom to restore access to files. While ransomware is a simple form of malware, avoiding it requires comprehensive measures.

By reading this article, you can learn more information about the basics of ransomware attacks. In this way, preventing these attacks is more achievable.

Targets of Ransomware Attacks

Because ransomware attacks are more targeted considering other malware activities, it is essential to know their targets. First of all, companies who need their files instantly are better targets. Government offices and medical institutions can be considered good examples of that. On the other hand, industries like banking, financial services and insurance, education, legal, energy and utilities, and public infrastructure must also be aware of targeted ransomware attacks. Secondly, companies with weak cyber security measures might be targets for attacks.

Types of the Attacks

While there are many minor types of ransomware attacks, the major ones are locker ransomware and crypto-ransomware. The victim’s computer is entirely locked in the case of locker ransomware. And it stays closed until the payment of the ransom. However, in crypto-ransomware, the device is accessible, but the files aren’t. They are being encrypted in this type of attack. With these types of attacks, all computers in the same network can be affected. This means that these attacks are increasing the system’s overall vulnerability.

The Working Mechanism of Ransomware Activities

A ransomware attack may spread a network in various ways. The most common way is a download via spam mail. After downloading the objectionable attachments, the malicious activity can apply through the web easily. Social engineering, downloading harmful files from the internet, and clicking on malvertising are other ways of ransomware attacks.

After the step, which is the infection and distribution of vectors, the second step is locking the network or encrypting the files based on the type of ransomware. Finally, when the malicious activity achieves its goals, the attackers demand a ransom.

Prevention of Ransomware Attacks

The spread of malicious activities is improving every day. Thus, cyber security measures should develop gradually as well. To prevent ransomware attacks, there are numerous methods. The first and the most significant step for avoiding these malicious activities is to have a well-defined cyber security strategy because this is important for being assured of information security.

The Things You Should Do and Not to Do

You should never click on suspicious links to avoid ransomware attacks and decrease the network’s vulnerability. Besides, you should not download a file attached to an email or on a website unless you are %100 sure the file is safe. Using unknown USB sticks is also dangerous and leaves the network vulnerable. These are the main steps that result in better cyber security.

Keeping your software up-to-date is another measure that you should take. In this way, you can avoid malicious activities. In addition, backing up all the critical and sensitive data is the key to prevention and recovery. To sum up, you should take simple measures to avoid ransomware attacks. You should be aware of the threats and prepared for a possible attack.


Data breaches are widespread nowadays. And it might occur in numerous ways. Ransomware is a malicious activity that locks the network or encrypts the files to make you pay a ransom to attackers. While every network is at risk for malicious activity, the ones that need their files constantly and have a weak cyber security system are in danger more than others. For information security, you should know the weaknesses of your network.

By understanding how ransomware works and getting familiar with cyber security trends, it’s possible to prevent ransomware attacks. This kind of malicious activity usually spreads by suspicious links and files. So, before you click on any link or download any files, you must be assured that it’s valid. In this way, data protection is an achievable goal. While ransomware attacks are common, they are not inevitable.


● What are some examples of ransomware activities?

While there are many kinds of ransomware activities, some popular ones are Locky, Ryuk, Bad Rabbit, Petya, Jigsaw, CryptoLocker, WannaCry, and Shade/Troldesh. These are some of the activities that have spread among hundreds of countries.

● How to recover from a ransomware attack?

Because of a network vulnerability, a ransomware attack might spread in a network quickly. In this case, you should think about recovery and take action immediately. First, you should isolate the infection to prevent it from spreading all over the system. After that, you should identify and report the malicious activity. The next step is considering your options and deciding what to do for restoration. By using safe backups and programs, the recovery step can be completed. Later, it would be best if you thought hard about how to avoid ransomware attacks.

● What is the result of a ransomware attack?

The results of a malicious activity vary depending on the type of attack and the cyber security measures the victim’s network has. However, generally, it results in data breaches, financial losses, and disturbance to regular procedures. Sensitive information might be lost for a short time or good. That’s why backing up sensitive data is highly important.

● What are the methods for preventing ransomware activities?

The standard measures to avoid ransomware are mainly about being cautious and prepared. These attacks are preventable through a well-defined cyber security strategy and training your employees on the importance of data protection. Besides, you should have excellent and reliable anti-malware software to protect your network from this activity.

Further Reading: ZDNET

References: Core Security, CSO Online, Kaspersky and Berkeley University.